Sweden has pledged to reduce its carbon emissions by a very large amount and is moving towards its goal in relentless pursuit. The nation has always been known for its impeccable climate combat policies and the renewable energy projects which are powering the majority of its consumption and they are expected to power the whole consumption demand by the end of the next decade. These optimistic goals however are causing a problem to the nations power needs. But the country is also facing some energy issues in this direction, but the nation has learned to power through these issues and make some sacrifices in the way of becoming 100 percent sustainable. Sweden has a rich supply of moving water and biomass, which contributes to the country’s high share of renewable energy. Hydropower (water) and bioenergy are the top renewable sources in Sweden – hydropower mostly for electricity production and bioenergy for heating. For the power sector, the target is 100 percent renewable electricity production by 2040. The reason for Sweden’s low emission rate is that about 80 percent of electricity production in Sweden comes from nuclear and hydroelectric power. Sweden currently has three nuclear plants with eight nuclear reactors in commercial operation, but nuclear power remains a topic that divides political parties in Sweden.
Sweden is also one of the first nations to achieve substantial carbon reductions and combating climate change and continues to do so in the near future.