Larderello Geothermal Energy plant, which is located in Italy, is the oldest geothermal plant in the realm.
Geothermal energy is a renewable source of energy that is utilized in around 20 countries, with a total capacity of over 13GW installed globally by the end of 2018. To put it forward, geothermal energy is the heat that is generated from the sub-surface part of the earth. It is majorly found within the rocks and fluid from under the earth’s crust.
It is manufactured by digging wells into underground reservoirs to access the steam and hot water to drive turbines linked to generators. Like all forms of energy generation, work had to start at some point and somewhere. What and where is the first geothermal power plant on the globe? To find the oldest geothermal power plant in the world, you have to visit Tuscany, Italy, and it dates back to the early twentieth century.
The creation of the first geothermal power plant was acknowledged to Prince Piero Ginori Conti of Trevignano. Conti primarily worked for his father in law Florestano de Larderel in the handling of boric acid.
It was through this work that Conti ultimately found his way into geothermal energy with the formation of the first geothermal energy generator in the year 1904. Based on the Larderello dry steam field, Conti’s generator was able to generate 10 kW of energy and power five light bulbs.
From these humble startings, the geothermal potential of Lardorello was prolonged in the year 1911. In an area known as the Devil’s Valley, the world’s first geothermal power plant was finished in 1913.
Larderello 1 had a capacity of 250 kW and was able to generate 2750 kW of electricity, which was used to power the Italian railway system and the nearby towns of Larderello and Volterra.