In recent years, the external intervention has risen, with warlord Khalifa Haftar, commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA), funding countries like Russia, France, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. The government of the national agreement (GNA) is recognized on the other side of the dispute and receives support from Turkey, Italy and Qatar. Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj is in charge of this dispute. In addition to their continuing support for a possible EU military deployment to secure a cessation of fire and prevent warring factions from plunging the region into further chaos, Italy and Greece have shared, including their forces.
In addition to a number of other pressing issues, including migration and counter-terrorism, access to oil and natural gas fuels foreign actors ‘ interests in the Libyan conflict. While Turkish President Recep TayyIP Erdogan vowed to send troops to support the GNA, Ankara has already joined the fight and sent military advisors and trainers. Turkey and Libya recently signed an agreement offering Turkish access in the eastern Mediterranean to vast potential reserves of natural gas deposits. The energy companies including Exxon Mobil, ENI in Italy, the Royal Dutch Shell, Delek Group in Israel, Total in France and Qatar Petroleum, among other companies, are all jocking for a position as expected in future findings.
Germany works hard to put a temporary halt to the crisis in Libya so that peace negotiations can start seriously. Nevertheless, it will be difficult to reach an agreement between the GNA and the LNA without including the militia and warlord-led parties. Only last week in Moscow, Russian cessation negotiations collapsed with the storm of Haftar before a negotiated settlement was approved. Haftar appears willing to break the current deadlock and to take military action. Some believe that the Kremlin will rely heavily on Haftar for a ceasefireCompared to Turkey’s long-term goals in Libya are to invest extensively, including in oil and gas, in the field of energy infrastructure, and to construct a more permanent Mediterranean military presence.
Algeria hosted ministers from Egypt, Tunisia, Chad, Mali, Sudan, and Niger in order to maintain momentum for the cease-fire to talk about the Libyan conflict this week. Libya’s collapse has been a global breakdown with people and arms streaming throughout the whole of North Africa destabilizing other countries. The Algiers conference is in the aftermath of a previous meeting in Berlin in which participants have decided to set up an’ Global Follow-Up Committee’ to achieve the goals of the summit, which would include ensuring a credible wake-up call on all sides, and the implementation of an arms embargo by the UN which is widely ignored by everyone in the conflict.