In June 2019, Canada’s federal House of Commons passed a signal (186 to 63 votes) to declare a national climate emergency. This declaration trailed reporting from Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) that past and future warming from climate change in Canada is about double the worldwide average and may be “effectively irreversible”. The damage produced to Canadians by climate change, while projected to raise, is already significant; yearly, chronic exposure to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and accompanying pollution subsidizes to the deaths of over 7,000 Canadians2 and the weather effects of climate change enforce billions in costs on Canadian communities and businesses.
The realism of the climate emergency is progressively recognized globally. In May 2019, the Parliament of the United Kingdom stated a climate emergency, and in June 2019, all but four members of the European Union (EU), explicitly Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Estonia, voted in support of the EU adopting measures to ensure a evolution to carbon neutrality by 2050.4 The members of the Carbon Neutrality Coalition, which, as of September 27, 2019, comprising 19 countries and 32 major cities across four continents, have promised to become emissions neutral by 2050.5 Canada is among the countries, and Toronto and Vancouver are amid the cities, which are members of this coalition.
As global temperatures continue to grow and the world becomes increasingly focused on answers, an growing number of jurisdictions (led by Canada) are implementing or plan to apply a carbon tax or emission trading system.6 As the Canadian experience has revealed, however, political opposition to carbon valuing can interfere with or delay implementation, even in jurisdictions where a important portion of the population backs up strong action against climate change.