The transition to renewable energies is a major change a country can make. Fossil fuels are one of the main drivers of climate change. This is the case with Scotland, which this year has a fully renewable energy matrix.
Scotland is recognized as a global leader in clean energy, hosting the UN climate summit in November this year. The country has set its aim to fossil fuels by 2020 and an interim target of 50% of its power by renewables by 2015, which is obviously over. The country has achieved this objective.
According to Scottish Development International, renewable energy provided 59 percent of Scotland’s electricity in 2015. Since then, renewable sources have continued to be used by the country. In 2017, renewable sources provided 68.1% of its electricity, a rise of 74.6% by 2018.
WWF reports that between January and July 2019, Scotland generated 9,831,320 MWh of wind energy. That might hold 182% of all 4.4 million households in Scotland and North England or 100% of all houses in Scotland and England.
Wind power is the key choice in Scotland, but other energy sources such as solar power, geothermal energy, biomass, hydroelectric energy and hydrokinetic energy (wave power) are also used. The achievement of an energy matrix based on 100 percent of renewables would add Scotland to the list of other countries with the same objectives, such as Paraguay, Iceland and the Congo.
In a recent report, the Scottish Renewables organization, thanks to the government’s active role, forecasts that Scotland will achieve its goal this year. It has announced the climate crisis to be zero emissions by 2045, five years before the United Kingdom’s target.
Regardless of the goal, renewable energy expansion in Scotland remains. Scottish Power, the power companies ‘ renewable energy division, is aiming to expand the windfarms across the country substantially. Nearly 100 sites have already been considered for a new generation of wind farms.
NGOs have claimed that the next priority of the government is to decarbonize the heat and transport sectors. In the context of the Climate Change Act, the Government promised to phase out oil and diesel cars and automobiles by 2032. The number of electric vehicles and charging stations would, therefore, be massively extended.