Italy has been facing its own share of issues what with the political crisis the last couple of years and an economic one before that and now on the brink of an energy crisis. The world watches as the nation stumbles and struggles to right its wrongs.
Italy has been back in the game since the dust from the political crisis just settled and is now starting to see where its headed. Italian energy major Eni has opened its second biorefinery in Italy, located in Gela, Sicily. The plant, which began operations in August, has a processing capacity of up to 750,000 tonnes per year. It will convert used vegetable oil, animal fat, algae and by-products into high-quality biofuels. Eni began converting the refinery into a biorefinery in April 2016 and has spent over 3 million work hours on completing the project. In order to construct the Ec3wx 1ofining™ plant, the two existing desulphurisation units were modified, and a steam reforming unit was built to produce hydrogen. Hydrogen is a basic ingredient in the biodiesel hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) that, when added to regular diesel in a quantity of 15%, creates the premium fuel Enidiesel+. This is a big step forwards on the path to decarbonisation, something Italy has been pursuing for some time but has stepped up in the last five years, investing in efficiency and in particular in green energy production, renewables and the circular economy.
Italy is hoping to revive the dead energy sector back from the grave and maybe once just satisfy its energy demands from local generated energy.